Whether Shapira’s book is biased in any way or not, is a more complex question. Shapira – a professor at the Tel Aviv University, recipient of the Israel Prize and editor of the series Jewish Lives – has no political agenda per se. While today she identifies as a Liberal Zionist, her book is rather balanced offering a well-paced, yet detailed portrait of the struggles and political quarrels behind the scenes of the pre-state, as well as of the new-born state. Ben-Gurion, Father of Modern Israel is not a biased book, but the author certainly had her preferences. And for that, she should not be blamed.


The phenomena of BDS at the UN

The aim of this paper is to shed light on how the United Nations turned into an open platform for one of the most notorious anti-Israel movements called the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement, popularly known as BDS. This paper attempts to verify the network of a full-fledged BDS industry with various, well-organized channels that are built into the UN’s daily operations. The ultimate goal of this research is to produce a document that not only proves that the ideology of BDS today is a well-established norm in international law and practice within the UN, but also to demonstrate why the UN puts its own legitimacy and credibility at stake by failing to uphold to its own mission statement - promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all.





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The roots of Arab anti-Semitism between 1900 and 1949 through the example of Morocco

The paper attempts to line-up the major secondary and literary resources on anti-Semitism in the Arab lands. It also aims to gather information on when, how and why the Arab nations became the most anti-Semitic lands over time. While there are certain commonalities among the Arab areas in regards to what triggered the modern-type of anti-Semitism, there are crucial differences both in time, latitude and, in the repercussion as to how anti-Semitism impacted the life of Jews in these areas. Therefore, the paper will go along the line of a general outline of the researched topic, but the primary scrutiny is narrowed down to Morocco and more so on how Zionism affected Anti-Semitism until the creation of Israel.